Table 2

Patientcharacteristics, pre-ERAS and post-ERAS implementation

CovariatePreimplementation (N=1063)Postimplementation (N=1318)P value
Age group0.0500
 ≤45 years302 (28.4)380 (28.8)
 46–65 years538 (50.6)611 (46.4)
 >65 years223 (21.0)327 (24.8)
Procedure day0.033
 Weekdays1021 (96.0)1286 (97.6)
 Weekends42 (4.0)32 (2.4)
Procedure type0.009
 Minimally invasive953 (89.6)1135 (86.1)
 Open110 (10.4)183 (13.9)
ASA category<0.0001
 Healthy92 (8.7)89 (6.7)
 Mild713 (67.1)788 (59.8)
 Sever189 (17.8)255 (19.4)
 Missing69 (6.5)186 (14.1)
BMI category0.9396
 Normal (18.5 to <25)332 (31.2)408 (31.0)
 Overweight (25 to <30)307 (28.9)375 (28.5)
 Obese (≥30)424 (39.9)535 (40.6)
  • ASA, American Society of Anesthesia; BMI, body mass index; ERAS, enhanced recovery after surgery.