Table 3

Outcomes of mechanically ventilated patients with COVID-19 undergoing tracheostomy

Outcomes following tracheostomy in patients with COVID-19
All cause mortality following tracheostomy in patients with COVID-19, n (%)
 Died during tracheostomy1 (<1)
 Died before successful wean from mechanical ventilation276 (17)
 Died between wean from ventilation and discharge from hospital9 (1)
Cause of death following tracheostomy, n (%)
 COVID-19 related249 (89)
 Tracheostomy related9 (3)
 Other22 (8)
Weaning from mechanical ventilation in survivors, n (%)
 Successfully weaned from mechanical ventilation1229 (93)
 Still ventilated at the time of analysis91 (7)
Time (days) from tracheostomy to successful wean, median (IQR)11 (7, 18)
Total length (days) of critical care in survivors, median (IQR)33 (25, 44)
Total length (days) of critical care in non-survivors, median (IQR) (N=264)23 (16, 32)
Successful tracheostomy decannulation at analysis, n (%)1154 (88)
Discharge from hospital, n (%)1049 (81)
Time (days) from tracheostomy to discharge from hospital in survivors, median (IQR)29 (21, 42)